National Park Quiz 23: Farms, Gardens, and Orchards

Park visitor picks peaches in orchard at “ghost community” of Fruita. Photo by margolove via Flickr.

1. The accompanying photo shows a ______ visitor picking peaches in an orchard on park property. The fruit trees were planted by early settlers of the Fruita community, whose last residents departed nearly 40 years ago.
a. Point Reyes National Seashore
b. Big Bend National Park
c. Zion National Park
d. Capitol Reef National Park

2. Eisenhower National Historic Site, the farm home of President Dwight D. Eisenhower, is adjacent to and administered by
a. Gettysburg National Military Park
b. Antietam National Battlefield
c. Manassas National Battlefield Park
d. Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park

3. There are nearly nine acres of fruit and nut trees in the orchard at the John Muir National Historic Site in ______, California. As fruit ripens, staff and park VIPs pick it and put in wooden boxes around the park. Visitors can take it, and there is no charge.
a. Monterey
b. Mariposa
c. Martinez
d. Mill Valley

4. There is a dairy goat herd on the premises of ______. Kids (no pun intended) get a big kick out of the animals, whose presence reflects a historically important use of the farm property.
a. Hamilton Grange National Memorial
b. Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site
c. Booker T. Washington National Monument
d. George Washington Carver National Monument

5. Indians grew food crops for hundreds of years in what is now Mesa Verde National Park. Most of their agricultural activities focused on fields planted
a. on the mesa tops
b. on the river flood plain
c. near springs in small box canyons
d. along creeks in the valley bottoms

6. Situated on a creek in a water-scarce area, Indian Garden in ______ was frequented by Indians for thousands of years. Now there is a small campground and a ranger station there.
a. Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
b. Grand Canyon National Park
c. Joshua Tree National Park
d. Petroglyph National Monument

7. The Hale Farm and Village complex in ______ includes a living history museum called "Wheatfield". Last year, the timeframe reenacted by the first-person interpreters at Wheatfield was 1862.
a. Cuyahoga Valley National Park
b. Cumberland Gap National Historical Park
c. Whitman Mission National Historic Site
d. Cape Cod National Seashore

8. Oxon Cove and Oxon Hill Farm is a sub-unit of a National Park System unit located partly in the District of Columbia and partly in
a. Virginia
b. Delaware
c. Maryland
d. West Virgina

9. Claude Moore Colonial Farm, an 18th century living history farm, is not a stand-alone national park, but rather a component of
a. Baltimore-Washington Parkway
b. Blue Ridge Parkway
c. Natchez Trace Parkway
d. George Washington Memorial Parkway

10. There is an Artist-in-Residence Program at ______, which was home to a renowned American Impressionist painter and two other artists during 1882 to 2005.
a. Claude Moore Colonial Farm
b. Oxon Cove and Oxon Hill Farm
c. Weir Farm National Historic Site
d. Hale Farm

Extra Credit Question:

11. In the early 1900s, a farmer/investor who owned several islands in what is now Biscayne National Park produced all of the following crops for off-farm sale EXCEPT:
a. tomatoes
b. pineapples
c. limes
d. rice

Super Bonus Question:

12. Tribal members of the Stockbridge-Munsee Band of the Mohican Indian Nation explained their history and discussed traditional agriculture techniques and medicinal uses of plants at the 6th annual Harvest Day celebration, which was held recently at ______, a park that honors a president who was an enthusiastic farmer during the 21 years he resided at his Lindenwald estate.
a. Herbert Hoover National Historic Site
b. Martin Van Buren National Historic Site
c. Andrew Johnson National Historic Site
d. James A. Garfield National Historic Site

Answers:

(1) d -- Utah's Capitol Reef National Park has fruit trees planted by early settlers of the Fruita community.

(2) a -- The Eisenhower National Historic Site is adjacent to and administered by Gettysburg National Military Park.

(3) c -- John Muir National Historic Site is located in Martinez, California.

(4) b -- The dairy goat herd at Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site is one of the park's prime attractions.

(5) a -- Agricultural fields were commonly located on the mesa tops because the land was more accessible, less subject to floods and erosion, and had soil that was better suited to growing crops.

(6) b -- Indian Garden is located in Grand Canyon National Park.

(7) a -- The Wheatfield museum is part of the Hale Farm and Village complex in Ohio's Cuyahoga Valley National Park.

(8) c -- Oxon Cove and Oxon Hill Farm is a sub-unit of National Capital Parks-East. The portion of Oxon Cove Park in Prince George's County, Maryland, was originally acquired for inclusion in the Maryland portion of the George Washington Memorial Parkway.

(9) d -- The Claude Moore Colonial Farm at Turkey Run is located in the Langley area of McLean, Virginia, across an access road from the headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency.

(10) c -- Weir Farm National Historic Site in Connecticut commemorates the life and work of J. Alden Weir, American impressionist painter and member of the Cos Cob Art Colony. After Weir, sculptor Mahonri Young and landscape painter Sperry Andrews also lived and worked on the Nod Hill Road property that became Weir Farm National Historic Site.

(11) d -- Israel Jones, a black farmer/investor, produced a variety of crops, but not rice. Jones was a good businessman. Some of the island land he bought for $1 an acre he later sold for more than $1,000 an acre.

(12) b -- Martin Van Buren, eighth president of the United States (1837-1841), loved agriculture and admired farmers. He once wrote, "a more estimable class of men than the farmers and planters of the United States is not to be found in the world."

Grading: 9 or 10 correct, rest on your laurels; 7 or 8 correct, pretty darn good; 6 correct, passable fair; 5 or fewer correct, nothing to brag about.