Glacier National Park: A Day Hiker's Overview
Editor's note: Back in November we told you about Jeff Doran's efforts to build a website focused on hiking in Glacier National Park. That site offers a rundown on more than 60 hikes in Glacier. Below Mr. Doran shares some of his favorite day hikes with fellow national park travelers.
"Give a month at least to this precious reserve. The time will not be taken from the sum of your life. Instead of shortening, it will indefinitely lengthen it and make you truly immortal. Nevermore will time seem short or long, and cares will never again fall heavily on you, but gently and kindly as gifts from heaven." - John Muir on his visit to Glacier in the early 1890s
Encompassing more than a million acres, Glacier National Park in northwestern Montana is home to some of the most beautiful alpine meadows, lakes, pristine forests, rugged peaks and glacially-carved valleys in the world. Its diverse habitats support nearly 70 species of mammals, including grizzly bears, black bears, mountain goats, bighorn sheep, moose, wolverines, gray wolves and mountain lions.
With more than 740 miles of trails that lead to some of the most spectacular scenery on the planet, Glacier is also a hiker's paradise. Considering its massive size, most people divide the park into sections in order to focus on one or two areas at a time. The four most popular areas in the park are West Glacier / Lake McDonald, Two Medicine, Logan Pass, and Many Glacier. The following are some suggestions for day hikes in each of these areas.
West Glacier / Lake McDonald
One of the things that makes hiking in Glacier unique are its two Swiss-style backcountry chalets: Granite Park and Sperry.
The Granite Park Chalet can be reached from Logan Pass or a 4.2 mile climb from The Loop area on the west side of the park. However, one of the most popular destinations west of the Continental Divide is Sperry Chalet. The 6.1-mile hike from the Lake McDonald Lodge passes through Glacier Basin where hikers view several waterfalls flowing hundreds of feet down the cliff walls that surround the alpine meadow.
At the chalet hikers have the opportunity to purchase a lunch at the dining room, or, stay overnight at the historic lodge. From the same trailhead is the hike that leads to the historic Mt. Brown Fire Lookout. The trail climbs 4250 feet in only 5 miles, making it one of the toughest day hikes in the park. The elevation gain is similar to the amount gained on many of the trails leading to the summits of 14,000-foot peaks in Colorado. However, at a much lower elevation, hikers will have far more oxygen to breathe. From the lookout the views into the heart of Glacier are simply amazing.
Although not quite as popular as some of the other areas of Glacier, the Two Medicine Valley in the southeast corner of the park still offers some incredibly beautiful scenery. One of the best hikes in this area leads to Scenic Point. This rock outcropping, which sits above an alpine tundra meadow, offers panoramic views of much of the entire Two Medicine Valley. On a clear day you can even see the Sweet Grass Hills rising above the Great Plains 90 miles away!
The most well-known backcountry hike in Two Medicine is Dawson Pass. Although this route usually gets all the attention, I think the views from Pitamakan Pass are much more dramatic. From the knife-edge ridge you can see five cobalt-blue lakes on either side of you. Can’t decide on which to hike? The two passes can be combined to create one epic day on the trail.
One of the most popular destinations in the park is Many Glacier. Hikes such as Iceberg Lake and Grinnell Glacier get most of the attention; however, there are two other destinations that shouldn’t be overlooked, especially if you’re seeking a degree of solitude in this valley. One of those is Ptarmigan Tunnel.
The highlight of this hike is passing through a 240-foot tunnel that cuts a hole through Ptarmigan Wall. The tunnel was built by the Civilian Conservation Corp in the 1930's so that visitors on horseback could pass over into the remote Belly River area. After hiking all day in the Many Glacier Valley, walking to the other side of the tunnel is like walking into another world. The views from the other side are simply stunning.
The other destination, Cracker Lake, has to be one of the most beautiful lakes in the world. It has the most beautiful turquoise color you could ever imagine. If it were possible to ignore the magnificent scenery of the surrounding mountains it would still be well worth the 12.6-mile roundtrip hike, just to see the amazing color of this lake. Cracker Lake’s deep shade of turquoise is the result of light refraction through its suspended load of glacial silt.
To see the best of what Glacier National Park has to offer you have to go deep into the high country. One of the most popular hikes in the park is the Highline Trail. In fact, this world famous hike should be on the bucket list of any self respecting hiker.
The views, the wildlife and the wildflowers, all combine to make this a hike you'll remember the rest of your life. From Logan Pass, high adventure awaits right from the start. Just beyond the trailhead hikers are forced to cross over a six-foot ledge for roughly a quarter of a mile. One false move and your next stop is on the pavement of the Going-To-The-Sun Road - more than one hundred feet below.
But don’t let this deter you. Ninety-nine percent of the Highline passes through open country, so there's never any dull scenery on this hike. The trail is also famous for wildlife, especially bighorn sheep and mountain goats, which are frequently seen just off the side of the trail.
Just a notch below the Highline Trail on the “awesome meter”, but far less crowded, is Piegan Pass. The trail offers mind-blowing views of mountains, glaciers, alpine meadows and an up-close view of the Garden Wall, a glacially-carved arête that marks the Continental Divide.
Near Piegan Pass, and one of my absolute favorite areas in Glacier, is Preston Park. In the early summer, after the snow melts, this incredibly beautiful alpine meadow becomes a carpet of wildflowers.
For more information on these hikes, and others throughout the park, please visit Hiking In Glacier.