You’ve heard the old saying that it’s the photographer who takes great photos, and not the camera, right? Well, to a point, that really is true.
My cameras are SLRs (single lens reflex). I can change lenses on these cameras, use filters to manipulate the way I see light, and configure my cameras’ settings for the end product. Not everybody owns (or wants) an SLR. What everybody does want – especially when experiencing the natural beauty of our national parks and monuments - is to capture great images for themselves, family, and friends, with whatever camera they happen to be carrying in their pocket or daypack.
You can get not only beautiful, but also more interesting images with any camera by applying one or more simple compositional guidelines. Many of these guidelines can be done in-camera, or they can be achieved with your photo editing software of choice.
Mentally divide your viewfinder screen into three separate sections and place your subject above, below, to the right, or to the left of center.
An example might be an elk or a bear or a chipmunk you want to photograph. Instead of placing the elk/bear/chipmunk smack-dab in the center of your view, move your subject to the lower right or left corner. This actually focuses the eye even more on the subject and adds interest to the photo because it’s not your standard center shot.
This is a method often used by photographers to capture an audience’s attention by composing the image such that the lines (a road, a fence, a stand of trees) in that image lead the viewer’s eye from the foreground to the infinite horizon, or from one point to another point to another point ad infinitum.
A Sense of Depth
Photography is a 2-D art, but you can give a sense of depth to your 2-D image by having a foreground, middle ground, and a background.
An example would be a close-up of rocks on a beach foreground with the water in the middle and mountains or a forest in the background. Another example would be series of mountain ridges – one ridge in the foreground, another in the middle, and another ridge in the background.
A Sense of Scale
I know for a fact that many landscape photographers eschew including people or anything man-made in their photos and will remove said distractions with the clone tool (the digital software equivalent of a very fancy eraser).
There are times, though, when incorporating that car on the road, or that person next to a tall waterfall or a huge rock formation can add a needed sense of scale. I applied this guideline quite a bit during my trip to Arches National Park in Utah, this past September, to emphasize the incredible immensity of the formations. A photo of just the landscape doesn’t always convey.
How you view your subject can add quite a bit of interest to the composition if you do something other than face the subject straight on. Get on the ground and look up at your subject. Climb a rock and look down at your subject. Stand to the side and capture your subject at an angle.
Filling The Frame
When you “fill the frame,” you are getting as much of your subject into the frame as possible, eliminating any distracting background that might shift focus from your subject. If you don’t think to get this while snapping the shot, then you can actually go in and crop (digitally cut away) your image during photo processing.
Not only does it focus attention, but it also eliminates such issues as too much blown-out sky or too much dark or unattractive background. Crop that stuff out, fill the frame with your main subject, and you’ve got something beautiful that doesn’t distract the viewer.
Yes, the higher-end the camera, the more depth and clarity you will achieve in your photographs. That being said, a person using a point-and-shoot or smartphone camera can capture some amazing images too, by simply applying one or more of these guidelines listed above.
Experiment a little. Try them out the next time you are hiking/driving around a national park or monument. Capture an image without using any of these guidelines, and then capture another using one or more of these guidelines and judge for yourself which is the more interesting image. It really is about the photographer.