ATV-Riding Vandals Carve Up Max Patch On The Appalachian National Scenic Trail

View from Max PatchDamage on Max Patch

A panoramic view from Max Patch on the Appalachian Trail. Vandalism on the way to Max Patch. Top photograph by Danny Bernstein. Bottom picture by Dwayne Stutzman.

Max Patch, a prized mountain bald on the Appalachian National Scenic Trail on the North Carolina/Tennessee border, has been violated.

Vandals downed barbed wire fences and knocked over U.S. Forest Service posts and signs. They've driven up the face of the bald in ATVs, their tires leaving hollowed out ruts. They've added insult to injury by performing “doughnuts,” going round and round in their vehicles to gouge furrows in the muddy ground.

Volunteers from local trail-maintaining clubs take care of the Appalachian Trail, which meanders 2,185 miles from Georgia to Maine. A Carolina Mountain Club maintenance volunteer discovered the destruction in late December 2012. Dwayne Stutzman, one of three volunteers who adopted this A.T. section, says, "In almost 20 years as a volunteer A. T. maintainer at Max Patch, I've never seen such brazen, senseless vandalism. This is the first time we’ve had a bad situation up there. The ruts were almost five inches deep, with lots of mud.”

Mr. Stutzman, who retired as an outdoor recreational planner for the North Carolina State Park System, and a co-maintainer, David Kendall, who lives near Max Patch, rebuilt the fences and fixed the step-over stile. The vandals on their machines tore down their work, ignoring Carsonite posts clearly stating "no motorized vehicles beyond this point."

A Fantastic View As Payoff For The Hike

The 360-degree panoramic views from Max Patch, which is said to have gotten its name from a farmer who cleared it in the 1870s, are glorious. From the top on a clear day you can see west to Mt. Cammerer and Mt. Sterling in Great Smoky Mountains National Park and the Balsam Range to the east. Appalachian Trail hikers consider Max Patch one of the highlights of their journey and a spot they'll remember, long after they’ve forgotten the details of most of their adventure. You can see the whole world from up here.

Visitors walk the steep quarter-mile up to the bald to exercise their dogs, fly kites, picnic, and just hang out. It might be the perfect place to propose and even get married.

For Sarah Davis, a lawyer in private practice who's married to Mr. Stutzman, it's personal. "I have not seen the tranquility violated in such a way since the 1980s. They tore out barriers, went past signs that say no ATV. It's just wanton destruction."

Ms. Davis has lived in Western North Carolina since 1975. Her father, Jack Davis, was one of two Carolina Mountain Club activists who worked on getting the US Forest Service to buy Max Patch. The bald had been a grazing area since the 1800s. Later it was also used as a landing strip for small planes. Until the early 1980s, Max Patch was privately owned and in danger of becoming a ski development.

At the time, the A.T. was on a nearby road. "Jack was determined to get the trail built. After the Forest Service flagged the route, they worked on it all winter long, through snow and freezing rain."

The Forest Service bought the 392 acres and, in 1984, the Appalachian Trail was relocated to go over the top of Max Patch. If the area was left alone, trees would fill the field and cut out the views. Now the Forest Service manages the bald by mowing and prescribed fires.

"The horseback rider community had used the area for years," Ms. Davis recalls. "When the trail was built across Max Patch, we went through a very long protracted process to make it clear that the top of the bald was off limits to horses and wagons. We provided other alternatives for them to ride in the area. The first year, it was difficult to keep horses off the top. With the work of Carolina Mountain Club, Appalachian Trail Conservancy and the Forest Service, the damage from the horses went away."

Searching For Reasons

Why would ATV riders do this?

According to Mr. Stutzman and Ms. Davis, the answer is simple. Max Patch is a beautiful place. It's a challenge to ride up there in muddy conditions. It's joy riding. People are doing it for fun. They wanted to be up there and they didn't care how they got up there.

Tina Tilley, Appalachian District Ranger of Pisgah National Forest Service, thinks that the damage is severe enough that it might be considered a felony. The trail maintainers are hopeful that the publicity will deter further vandalism.

Comments in the local press can be summed up as follows: "I hope they catch the vandals and make them repair all the damage they have caused. Max Patch is a beautiful family hike!"

Others are angrier: "As if there aren't enough roads and streets to drive on, as if unpaid volunteers aren't already swamped with work, as if Forest Service employees who have survived periodic layoffs, wage reductions, budget eliminations had plenty of funds to fix such damage and keep replacing fences and signs."

The land need helps to heal itself. Andrew Downs, Trail Resources Manager for the Southern Region of the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, is working with various groups to remediate the problem. The Forest Service will install boulders at the start of the access trail to block off any vehicles from going up the bald. Native plants will be added to soften the effect. Maybe they'll add a split rail fence and redesign the information kiosk. The Forest Service wants to move fast on this repair work.

The Carolina Mountain Club has offered to help remediate the damage. So has the local ATV club. "These vandals were probably not part of any organized group. The ATV clubs are self-policing," Mr. Stutzman says. Most people who ride 4-wheel drive are fine folks."

How to get to Max Patch

From the North Carolina/Tennessee border, take I-40 to exit 7 (Harmon Den). Turn right at the exit and follow Cold Spring Creek Rd. for 6.7 miles. Stay left and on the main gravel road. Turn left on SR 1182 and drive for less than 2 miles to the Max Patch parking area.


Not good. At the same time, asking for ATV to stick to roads and streets shows a bit of misunderstanding. The main question should be to find out whether there are viable legal alternatives for ATVs out there.

There are usually plenty of ATV alternatives. In Utah, something like 13,000 miles. But there are still idiots who feel it's their God-given right to tear up all the untouched territory they can find.

Sorry Kurt, obviously I did something wrong on my picture insert.

Comment was in this case I agree with Lee. Violators should be aggressively pursued and prosecuted to the full extent of the law.

Even so, that's a great picture, ec. Where is that?

Max patch


Lee, I'm pretty sure that the AT does not go through Utah. How about near where this took place?

Zeb, good thing there are public lands in the West for riding, eh?

Zeb, there are idiots everywhere.

Many years ago in Minnesota snowmobilers cutting fences to access private farm land caused so much trouble that they tried to find a way to put a license number on the snowmobile's belt. The idea was that it would stamp the machine's identification into the snow wherever it went. I understand it worked, but was abandoned for some reason.

What we really need to do is try to find a way to idiot-proof the land from damage. That is a universal issue, whether in Utah, Alaska, along the AT or anywhere else. We can provide access so people can have fun of all kinds -- but there will still be idiots who ruin it for sensible folks.

I just clipped this from today's Paul Rolly column in the Salt Lake Tribune:

Speaking of packing » The Utah Shared Access Alliance (USA-ALL) is an organization promoting off-road motorized vehicle use and advocates for states "taking back" federal lands. The group’s natural enemy, of course, is the environmental movement and protectors of wilderness lands.

Its recent newsletter highlighted the group’s opposition to the proposal of Democratic Sen. Jim Dabakis (they spelled his name "Dubakis") to encourage the Obama administration to create a national monument in the greater Canyonlands area.

USA-ALL gleefully reported that the legislation died in committee, but also noted that at the hearing, they were woefully outnumbered in the room by Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance supporters.

No matter, though, the newsletter reported. "We pack heat, they pack granola bars!"

You could almost imagine the confrontation the off-roaders were fantasizing about: "You feel lucky, punk? Well, do ya?"

Just another day at the Utah State Legislature.

Zeb, there are ieydiots everywhere.

Yep - and the answer is to punish the idiots, not the 99% that obey the rules. That's true whether its ATV's, bicycles, or guns.

The next chapter of the Max Patch story.

The Asheville Citizen-Times reported today that several people were issued citations for "resource damage" at Max Patch. The Forest District supervisor credits public outcry and information about vehicles on Max Patch. The investigation continues.

Now all the partners, the Forest Service, the Appalachian Trail Conservancy, the Carolina Mountain Club and the local ATV club are working on a solution to repair the damage. At this point, Max Patch is open to foot traffic. When reconstruction work starts, probably in April, parts of the area will be closed.

As a landowner of 50 acres in Ohio, I despise these infernal machines and the people who ride them. Yes I know this is an unfair and overly broad statement, but the confrontations I experience are ridiculous. Riders on my walking trail ripping it up, then arguing with me when confronted. The tell me "it's God's land", or "I didn't think anyone owned it." I've had them roar through my front yard after following the walking path to it's end. Now that shale drilling and lease bonus payments are hitting the local economy, the destructive toys are filling the garages of people with postage stamp property. We landowners become their playground. As a sea kayaker, the water version of these things are also intrusive, but at least a wake dissappears. Sorry, you stepped on a nerve.

Here in Maryland the ATV people are also pressuring state forest and wildlife agencies to let them roam on state lands. Three designated ATV routes in our state forests were so badly damaged they had to be shut down and rehabbed at taxpayers' expense. This is probably happening in every state.

Paddlejunky -- may I make one addition to your post?

Wouldn't "postage stamp property and postage stamp mental capacity" be more like it?

I don't have one nor do I want one, but if people don't have a legal outlet, illegal behavior will ensue. I find it simpler and cheaper to provide legal places for people to go have fun than trying to put a cop behind every illegal trail.

But Zeb, in most states there are plenty of legal places for responsible people to ride. Unfortunately, not all people are responsible.