Quantifying the Antiquities Act

The week Park Remark continues with focus on the Antiquities Act as it approaches the 100th anniversary of its signing this Thursday the 8th of June. The Wilderness Society has a 2 page PDF with some quick facts about the Act and what its future may be. Here are some figures compiled in the document:
  • Beginning with Teddy Roosevelt, 15 of the past 18 presidents have used the Act to designate 119 National Monuments. The only three presidents who did not use the Act were Presidents Nixon, Reagan, and George H.W. Bush.
  • Thirty of our current National Parks were originally protected as presidentially-designated National Monuments, including the Grand Canyon.
  • President Roosevelt, the first president to utilize the Act, protected more than one million acres by designating 18 National Monuments in 9 states.
  • Thirty-six presidentially created National Monuments exceeded 50,000 acres in size, including many Monuments that ultimately became National Parks such as Grand Canyon, Olympic, Glacier Bay, Bryce Canyon, Death Valley, and Joshua Tree.
  • Congress also has the power to declare National Monuments and has 29 times, including Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument in 2000.

Also of Note:
If you happen to be in Washington D.C. this Thursday on the 100 year anniversary of the Act, you may want to stop in on a forum open to the public sponsored by The Wilderness Society and the National Trust for Historic Preservation. The event is titled The 100th Anniversary of the Antiquities Act: A Forum on the Protection of America's Cultural and Natural Heritage for a 2nd Century. Quoting directly from the brochure [pdf]:
Please join policymakers and resource experts for a discussion of the Antiquities Act's hundred-year legacy'and help envision its next hundred years. Our discussion will focus on cultural, historic, and scientific resources protected by the Act and emerging concepts for the protection of these special resources in National Monuments'particularly opportunities created by BLM's National Landscape Conservation System.
  • Thursday, June 8th 2006, 9 am-noon
  • U.S. Navy Memorial and Heritage Center
  • 701 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W., Suite 123, Washington, DC
  • 2 blocks from the green/yellow line metro stop at Archives-Navy Memorial
  • Open to the public, coffee/pastries provided

Keynote address by Richard Moe, President, National Trust for Historic Preservation
Presentations by and discussion with:
Frank McManamon, Chief Archaeologist, National Park Service; Elena Daly, Director, BLM's National Landscape Conservation System; John Leshy, Professor, University of California, Hastings College of the Law
Jerry Rodgers, The Coalition of NPS Retirees; Sarah Schlanger, Archaeologist, New Mexico State Office, Bureau of Land Management; and others.

'This year marks the centennial of the Antiquities Act. If that doesn't strike you as an excellent reason for a bang-up birthday party, you don't realize how important this particular piece of legislation is.' -- Preservation Magazine