Mesa Verde National Park

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Eight centuries ago, for reasons still not fully understood, they got up and left. After roughly 700 years of living around and atop two slender mesas now recognized as part of southwestern Colorado, a society simply got up and left.

Behind them they left irrigation systems that helped their gardens flourish, stone dwellings nudged into alcoves on cliff faces and, within some of those dwellings, items of every day life, even a string of mugs. These Ancestral Puebloans were largely an agrarian culture, and on these mesas today called Chapin and Wetherill they tended their crops and, at day's end, felt safety in their cliffside castles.

As with any society, they had gone through a series of evolutions, from Basketmakers who lived in pithouses to "Puebloans," Spanish for village dwellers. During the last 200 or 300 years of their stay on the mesas they perfected their stylistic cliff dwellings, raising them two, three, and more stories high. The largest, today called Cliff Palace, claimed more than 150 rooms and nearly two dozen "kivas," round, stone-lined ceremonial rooms sunk into the ground. At one point, the populations clinging to these mesas were thought to number 5,000.

Today Chapin Mesa is the center of the park, in terms of visitation activities. Here you'll find not only the park's visitor center, but also three of the five cliff dwellings in the park regularly opened to visitors: Cliff Palace, Balcony House, and Spruce Tree House.

Wetherill Mesa contains the second-largest concentration of ruins in the area. A 1958 archaeological survey "documented close to 900 sites, ranging in age from Modified Basketmaker pithouses (A.D. 450-750) to the Classic Pueblo cliff dwellings (A.D. 120--1300). During its occupation, this excellent location could have accommodated approximately 1000 to 2000 Anasazi people."

Today we're left to marvel at these dwellings tucked into cliff faces and wonder where their makers went.

Mesa Verde is an incredible park, one that challenges your imagination as you struggle to envision life 800 years ago. Your imagination gets help during a visit to Balcony House, which requires climbing up a wooden ladder to reach the dwelling. And in Spruce House you can descend into a darkened kiva to, for a moment or two at least, try to envision the spiritual aspects these subterranean chambers were thought to offer the cliff dwellers.

A visit to Mesa Verde provides keen insights into how the ancestral Puebloans lived; how they built their homes high in alcoves for protection and yet farmed on the surrounding plateaus, for instance. In some cases they would climb down to the canyon floor and then go up the other canyon wall to reach their gardens. They also were masters at irrigating their gardens, and remnants of check dams can still be found on Wetherill Mesa.

Touring Mesa Verde, you can peer into kivas and and climb up into rooms, see the smoke stains that cling to the sandstone alcove ceilings, gaze out over the surrounding canyons, and simply stand in the quiet, envisioning the sounds of laughing children and adults at work building fires or making pottery.

Traveler's Choice For: History, photography, archaeology, anthropology.

Park History: Mesa Verde National Park

Mesa Verde National Park on the Colorado Plateau in southwestern Colorado offers visitors a spectacular look into the lives of the Ancestral Puebloan people (or Anasazi) who flourished for centuries over a large area of Colorado, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico.

Seasons In Mesa Verde National Park

Mesa Verde National Park is open year-round, although more of the park is open to visitors during the traditional travel months of spring through fall than during the winter months.

Winter in Mesa Verde National Park

Things definitely slow down in Mesa Verde National Park during the winter months, but they don't stop. Spruce Tree House remains open for tours, and there are trails for snowshoeing and cross-country skiing when conditions allow.

Lodging At Mesa Verde National Park

There is just one lodge in the park, Far View Lodge, and it offers 150 rooms in two styles.

Camping In Mesa Verde National Park

Due to the archaeological-artifact-rich nature of Mesa Verde National Park, backpacking is not allowed. There is, however, a 267-site campground with room for RVs.

Touring Cliff Dwellings At Mesa Verde National Park

While there are thousands of archaeological sites at Mesa Verde National Park, just five cliff dwellings are regularly open for tours: Cliff Palace, Balcony House, Spruce Tree House, Long House, and Step House.

Traveler's Checklist: Mesa Verde National Park

Situated on the Colorado Plateau in southwestern Colorado, Mesa Verde offers a wonderful opportunity to experience a unique cultural and physical landscape. Here are Traveler's tips for how to explore this wonderful park.

Dining In The Parks: Mesa Verde National Park's Metate Room

Talk regional cuisines and when the region that pops up is the Southwest you know the talk is going to get spicy: Chipotle peppers with their rich, smoky flavor, habaneros with their bite, and potentially potent chile rellenos. But Southwestern cuisine is more diverse than its bite might indicate.

Hiking In Mesa Verde National Park

Unescorted hiking is not a frequent activity in Mesa Verde National Park, as officials don't want to take a chance that someone might stumble upon, and carry away, an artifact. Still, there are places where you can stretch your legs without the need to follow a ranger.

Accessible Access At Mesa Verde National Park

Due to elevation and the nature of the cliff dwellings, many of Mesa Verde’s premier sites are difficult to access. Cliff Palace, Balcony House, and Long House are strenuous and include ladders, uneven steps, and elevation changes. However, many cliff dwellings and mesa top sites are visible from overlooks, short paved trails, and from your vehicle.

Wildlife In Mesa Verde National Park

While your prime motivation for visiting Mesa Verde National Park more than likely was to tour the park's cliff dwellings, there are quite a few locals you might come upon during your visit.

Resources For Visiting Mesa Verde National Park

This is where you can find websites, helpful phone numbers, friends groups and cooperating associations, and, sometimes, books related to the park.

Mesa Verde National Park News

Special Tours Offered At Mesa Verde National Park

While visitors to Mesa Verde National Park in Colorado generally need to stick to tour routes, there are some ranger-led hikes that will take you to some of the less visited ruins in the park, or for special activities.

Bicycle Rentals Could Be Coming To Mesa Verde National Park

Bicycle rentals might soon be available at Mesa Verde National Park, where officials are seeking a company to rent bikes, strollers, and wheelchairs on Wetherill Mesa.

Preservation Work Will Impact Cliff Palace Tours At Mesa Verde National Park In Spring

Fewer ranger-guided tours of Cliff Palace at Mesa Verde National Park will be offered next spring due to the need for preservation work on the massive dwelling.

Mesa Verde National Park Images